How to become a physiotherapist?

How to become a physiotherapist?


A physiotherapist is a health professional who assesses and treats people who are suffering physical problems caused by disease, injury, illness or ageing. Using non-surgical procedures they aim to lessen pain, improve movement, and restore functionality as much as possible. A physiotherapist uses a range of treatment techniques and therapies in the treatment and rehabilitation of patients. 

Job and Responsibilities of a Physiotherapist:
  • Work with the patient's doctor for referrals, notes, and medical history
  • Work with patients who have a range of conditions, including neurological, cardiovascular and respiratory
  • Diagnose, assess and treat their physical problem/condition
  • Create and implement treatment care plans tailored to each patient's needs
  • Review and evaluate patient through tests, movements, and conversation
  • Educate patients and their carers about how to prevent and/or improve conditions
  • Schedule exercises and therapies for the patient
  • Observe and review patient progress
  • Document patient medical progress and treatment; record notes to update medical conditions
  • stay up to date with new techniques and technologies available for treating patients
Physiotherapy is one of the growing sectors of health care. Physiotherapy can be a rewarding profession, but can be difficult as well. The field is opened by new and tremendous scope. The practice of physiotherapy is devoted to movement sciences & it concerned with the function of the body systems. 


A degree in Physiotherapy (Bachelor or Master) + 6 months of internship is must for this career. The aspirants must have passed the 10+2 examinations with physics, chemistry and biology (science stream) from a recognized educational Board with at least 50% (45% for SC/ST/OBC) marks.
A one year Diploma in Physiotherapy will also grant access into BPT physiotherapy courses.

Skills Required

  • The candidate must have the patience for treating the patients
  • Scientific knowledge and Technical skill
  • Quick problem solving skills
  • Good communication skills
  • Administrative skills
  • Ability to handle the pressure
  • Team work skills

How to be there?

The aspirants can follow the following steps to pursue this career:
  • 10+2 examinations with physics, chemistry and biology (science stream) from a recognized educational Board
  • Get admission in the Bachelor of physiotherapy. This is a four year course with a 6-month internship.
  • After completion of the training you can start looking for a job in the public or private sector. After having a good experience, you can start your private practice too.

    Work Hours

    The work hours depend on the institutions your work with. If you are doing private practice, then you decide your working hours.


    Though salaries vary by location and institution, but the average salary offered to these professionals is between INR 25,000 to 30,000 per month and increase with the experience of the candidates. Generally, the private hospitals pay more than the government hospitals.


    The health sector is growing rapidly and physiotherapy is one of the growing sectors in health care. The aspirants can find job in community health centres, mental health centres, nursing homes/private care centres, rehabilitation centres, sports clinics, fitness centres, government or private hospitals, the Institute for the Physically Handicapped, Defense establishments, teaching establishments etc.
    After having some years of experience and a good reputation, one can start his own private practice also.

    Pros and Cons

    • Increase in the job opportunities
    • Good Salary
    • Can start your own practice
    • In-Demand Career Field
    • The physiotherapist called as a doctor
    • Long working hours
    • Need a long time study
    • Need to stay updated
    • Need to stay physically fit


    Medical Paramedical Health Care

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