Nursing is a very noble occupation. It is an art of taking care of people in sickness, injury or any other situation when they can't take care of themselves. It is a vital component of any form of medical care. In any hospital, nursing forms an integral part either it is a general ward or an operation theatre. The legendary English nurse Florence Nightingale is known as the founder of modern nursing.
Earlier it was a career largely chosen by women only but nowadays men also showing interest in it. But still it is women dominated area and a few areas where male nurse are not accepted by people also like gynecology department.
Nursing duties are covering a wide range of functions and responsibilities that depends on the level of qualification, experience and working environment. At the initial level they are required to beside care of patients and at senior level, they are required to manage special group of people like psychiatric, paediatric, and intensive care patients etc. which require specialized skills.
Responsibilities of nursing:
- Taking care of patients
- Admission and discharge of patients
- Constantly monitoring these patients and administer the prescribed medicine at regular interval
- Assisting the doctors and help set up medical equipment in operation theatre and laboratories.
- Keeping records of patients progress
- Attending the rounds with doctors
- Providing pre and post operation care
- taking patient samples, pulses, temperatures and blood pressures
There are many specializations available in nursing also and one can choose to specialize in one of them. There are following specializations available:
- Cardio Thoracic Nursing
- Critical Care Nursing
- Emergency and Disaster Nursing
- Neonatal Nursing
- Neuro Nursing
- Nursing Education and Administration
- Oncology Nursing
- Operation Room Nursing
- Orthopaedic and Rehabilitation Nursing
- Practitioner in Midwifery
- Psychiatric Nursing
There are courses available at different level like:
> ANM, GNM and B.Sc in nursing are different course available after 10+2
> There are special Diploma courses are also available to get specialize in any one domain
To become eligible for a nurse job, one has to be registered. Each state has its own association that registers certified nurses. Once candidates obtain qualification they can get themselves registered with the Nurses Council of their respective state. This makes them eligible to obtain a job.
The most important qualities for a nurse to posses are patience, dedicated to working with patients (and doctors), ability to work for long hours, compassion, organisation, and great communication skills. As they have to spend lots of their time with patients, understanding of the patients mindset during illness will be very helpful. One should be mentally and physically strong, have strong stamina and emotionally strong.
Who should choose this career
Nursing is a noble profession and it is to help and serve humanity. Nursing is a perfect job for individuals who desire to serve humanity. Those who have the will power, spirit and ready to work for long hours in hectic conditions and to serve the diseased and weak can opt for the nursing field. You are earning not only money, but the blessing of peoples.
The best thing about it is you will never be jobless as the demand for nurses are growing day by day.
How to be there?
ANM (Auxiliary Nurse and Midwife) 2 Years course, GNM (General Nursing and Midwife) course which is a 3 and half year of diploma are available to make a career in nursing. Minimum education requirement for this is 12th with Biology, Chemistry and Physics. After that you can do B.Sc. Nursing.
When you completed your courses, you need to get registered with the registration authority of the state. After registration you'll be eligible to apply for jobs.
Nursing is an occupation where you need to ready for long hours work. In almost all hospitals, duty time is defined, but still you have to be ready for extra duty in the absence of any other or in any emergence case.
As like in all professions, salary is depend on the experience level:
- The beginner can earn 10,000 to 20,000 Per Month.
- The mid level experienced nurses can earn 20,000 to 30,000.
- Highly experienced can earn 40,000 or more.
The salary in private hospitals is low as compare to government hospitals and big organization's hospitals.
There are lots of career opportunities in this sector as nurses are always needed. From large hospitals in big cities, to community centers in a rural area, nurses are always in demand. There are following areas where nursing jobs may be found:
- Nursing homes
- Old age homes
- NGOs working on health issues
Nursing is not just taking care of the sick. Other opportunities for qualified nurses include teaching, administration and research jobs.